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Category: History

Download E-books Popes, Cardinals and War: The Military Church in Renaissance and Early Modern Europe PDF

In this full of life and compelling background, D.S. Chambers examines popes and cardinals over a number of centuries who not just preached struggle but additionally positioned it into perform as army leaders. attractive and stimulating, and utilizing references to scripture and canon legislations in addition to a wide range of old assets, Chambers throws gentle on those notable and paradoxical figures -- males who have been peaceable via vocation yet contributed to the method of battle with unbelievable directness and brutality -- in addition to illuminating many points of the political background of the Church.

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Download E-books The Britannica Guide to Explorers and Explorations That Changed the Modern World (Turning Points in History) PDF

Few issues have replaced the area up to exploration. by way of mountaineering the top mountains and diving the ocean?s depths, explorers have elevated our wisdom of the flora and fauna. This ebook celebrates the explorers of either background and the fashionable international. contains black-and-white pictures and illustrations, thesaurus, extra analyzing, and index. 350 pages.

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Download E-books Honorary Aryans: National–Racial Identity and Protected Jews in the Independent State of Croatia PDF

By Nevenko Bartulin

Among 1941 and 1945, in a single of the extra curious episodes of racial politics through the moment international struggle, a small variety of Jews have been granted the rights of Aryan voters within the self sustaining nation of Croatia by way of the pro-Nazi Utasha regime. This learn seeks to give an explanation for how those exemptions from Ustasha racial legislation got here to be, and specifically how they have been justified by way of the race thought of the time. writer Nevenko Bartulin explores those questions in the broader histories of anti-Semitism, nationalism, and race in Croatia within the past due 19th and early 20th century, tracing Croatian Jews' trip from "Croats of the Mosaic faith" prior to international warfare II to their eventual rejection as racial extraterrestrial beings through the Utasha move.

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Download E-books Financial Vipers of Venice: Alchemical Money, Magical Physics, and Banking in the Middle Ages and Renaissance PDF

By Joseph P. Farrell

In this sequel to Joseph P. Farrell's Babylon's Banksters, the banksters have moved from Mesopotamia through Rome to Venice. There, they've got manipulated popes and bullion costs, clipped cash, sacked Constantinople, destroyed rival Florence, waged battle, burned "heretics," and suppressed hidden secrets and techniques threatening their monetary supremacy . . . until eventually Giordano Bruno and Christopher Columbus broke the banking cartel's keep an eye on of data and bullion.

We may wonder—with a few justification—how an day trip into such magical mediaeval concerns might be able to make clear the modern debate on finance, trade, credits, and debt happening round the world.

As might be obvious in those pages, the fashionable worldwide economic climate, with its bonds, annuities, money owed of alternate, alchemical paper "fiat money," bullion, wage-slavery, nationwide bills, inner most imperative banking, inventory brokerages, and commodities exchanges, in a feeling begun within the heart a while, for a lot of these associations begun for particularly perceptible and particular purposes in the course of that time.

The centerpiece during this debate is naturally cash: what, and who, does it fairly symbolize? and the way did it be capable to start as a in basic terms metaphysical phenomenon, with deep ties to a cosmological and certainly topological and alchemical metaphor of the actual medium, thence to transmute itself into the notion that cash is bullion, and thence once more to transmute itself again right into a basically metaphysical build of credits and debt denominated on tokens of paper?

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Download E-books 1912: The Year the World Discovered Antarctica PDF

By Chris Turney

“The South Pole came upon” trumpeted front web page of The day-by-day Chronicle on March eight, 1912, marking Roald Amundsen’s overcome the tragic Robert Scott. but in the back of all of the headlines there has been an even bigger tale. Antarctica used to be awash with expeditions. In 1912, 5 separate groups representing the previous and new global have been diligently embarking on clinical exploration past the sting of the identified planet. Their discoveries not just enthralled the area, yet replaced our knowing of the planet ceaselessly. stories of patience, self-sacrifice, and technological innovation laid the rules for contemporary medical exploration, and encouraged destiny generations.

To have a good time the centenary of this groundbreaking paintings, 1912: The yr the realm stumbled on Antarctica revisits the exploits of those varied expeditions. taking a look past the personalities and drawing on his personal polar adventure, Chris Turney indicates how their discoveries marked the sunrise of a brand new age in our realizing of the wildlife. He uses unique and particular unpublished archival fabric and weaves within the most recent medical findings to teach how we'd reawaken the public’s ardour for discovery and exploration

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Download E-books The Devil's Playground: A Century of Pleasure and Profit in Times Square PDF

By James Traub

As instances sq. turns a hundred, New York occasions Magazine contributing author James Traub tells the tale of ways this mercurial district turned essentially the most recognized and intriguing areas on this planet. The Devil’s Playground is vintage and colourful American historical past, from the 1st years of the 20th century throughout the Runyonesque heyday of nightclubs and theaters within the Nineteen Twenties and ’30s, to the district’s decline within the Sixties and its glittering company revival within the Nineties.

First, Traub provides us the nice impresarios, wits, tunesmiths, newspaper columnists, and nocturnal creatures who formed occasions sq. over the century because the position first acquired its identify: Oscar Hammerstein, Florenz Ziegfeld, George S. Kaufman, Damon Runyon, Walter Winchell, and “the Queen of the Nightclubs,” Texas Guinan; bards like A. J. Liebling, Joe Mitchell, and the Beats, who celebrated the drug buyers and pimps of forty second highway. He describes occasions Square’s infamous cave in into pathology and the fierce debates over how top to revive it to life.

Traub then is going directly to scrutinize today’s instances sq. as no writer has but performed. He writes concerning the new forty second road, the enormous Toys “R” Us shop with its flashing Ferris wheel, the hot international of company theater, and the intercourse retailers attempting to depart their heritage behind.
More than sixty years in the past, Liebling referred to as occasions sq. “the center of the world”—not simply the guts of the area, even though this crossroads in Midtown ny used to be certainly that, yet its middle. From the sunrise of the 20th century throughout the Nineteen Fifties, occasions sq. was once the whirling dynamo of yank pop culture and, more and more, an city sanctuary for the eccentric and the untamed. The identify itself grew to become emblematic of the large existence strength of towns everywhere.

Today, occasions sq. is once more an awe-inspiring position, however the darkish and unusual corners were jam-packed with blazing gentle. the main well-known road personality on Broadway, “the bare Cowboy,” has his personal site, and Toys “R” Us calls its flagship shop in occasions sq. “the toy middle of the universe.” For the large leisure firms that experience moved to this secure, fresh, and self-consciously gaudy spot, occasions sq. continues to be greatly the guts of the realm. yet is it nonetheless the heart?

From the Hardcover edition.

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Download E-books The Celts (2nd Edition) PDF

By Nora Chadwick

A heritage of Celtic tradition in Britain from its origins to its transformation below the Romans and Saxons. The publication describes the increase and unfold of the Celts and their arrival within the British Isles round the eighth century BC. Chapters are dedicated to literature and paintings, associations and faith, and punctuate the ancient narrative, supplying insights into the Celtic lifestyle.

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Download E-books Mesopotamia Before History PDF

By Petr Charvát

Mesopotamia used to be one of many earliest areas to provide writing, literature and the tremendous arts, in addition to being one of many first components to build states. This entire and specified survey of the region's prehistory and protohistory exhibits how those interesting advancements have been possible.
Petr Charvát explores the commercial, social and religious spheres in Mesopotamia from the Palaeolithic to the time of the early states, c. 100,000 BC to 2334 BC. The narrative is supplemented by means of a number of descriptions of the central archaeological websites for every section, and by means of conclusions outlining an important advancements and adjustments.

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