Artwork and literature throughout the eu fin-de-siècle interval frequently manifested issues of degeneration and rot, either one of our bodies and civilizations, in addition to affliction, extraordinary sexuality, and common morbidity. This assortment explores those issues when it comes to artists and writers as assorted as Oscar Wilde, August Strindberg, and Aubrey Beardsley.
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For a short, yet targeted second, there has been a fluid trade of rules circulating among those diverse discourses. Uncovering this trade, and the interdependent histories that body those works, finds the usually volatile and capricious epistemological foundations of the early social and mental sciences. The porous partitions among those discourses made it tough to split technological know-how from artwork and truth from fiction. N 1. C. Bernheimer (2002) Decadent matters: the assumption of Decadence in artwork, Literature, Philosophy, and tradition of the Fin-de-Siècle in Europe (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins collage Press), p. 102. 2. M. Décaudin (1967) “Un Mythe ‘fin de siècle’: Salomé”, Comparative Literature stories, four. 0.5, pp. 109–17, the following 109. three. T. Bentley (2002) Sisters of Salome (New Haven: Yale college Press), p. 39. four. R. Dellamora (1996) “Traversing the female in Oscar Wilde’s Salomé,” in J. Freedman (ed. ) Traversing the female in Oscar Wilde’s Salomé (Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall), p. a hundred. five. B. Dijkstra (1986) Idols of Perversity: Fantasies of female Evil in Finde-Siècle tradition (New York: Oxford college Press), p. 384. 6. I. Yeeyon (2011) “Oscar Wilde’s Salomé: Disorienting Orientalism,” Comparative Drama, forty five. four, pp. 361–80, right here p. 362. 7. S. L. Gilman (1993) “Salome, Syphilis, Sarah Bernhardt and the ‘Modern Jewess,’ ” The German Quarterly, sixty six. 2, pp. 195–211. eight. N. R. Davison (2002) “ ‘The Jew’ as Homme/Femme-Fatale: Jewish (Art)ifice, ‘Trilby,’ and Dreyfus,” Jewish Social stories, eight. 2/3, pp. 73–111. nine. J. Bergman-Carton (1996) “Negotiating the types: Sarah Bernhardt and the chances of Jewishness,” artwork magazine, fifty five. 2, pp. 55–64. THE SPECTRAL SALOME 179 10. S. B. Somerville (1998) “Scientific Racism and the discovery of the gay Body,” in L. Bland and L. L. Doan (eds. ) medical Racism and the discovery of the gay physique (Chicago: The college of Chicago Press), p. sixty one. eleven. once more, i might be remiss if i didn't point out the paintings of Gilman, Davison, and Bergman-Carton during this admire. whereas their paintings does speculate a couple of reciprocal dating among Salome and sexological and racial representations of girls and, particularly, Jewish girls, as a result of their various scholarly goals, they don't hint its wider impression on sexual and racial discourse. 12. Grimm’s prolonged dialogue of Herodias confuses her with Salome, by way of claiming that Herodias is Herod’s daughter. J. Grimm (1835) Deutsche Mythologie (Göttingen: Dieterichschen Buchhandlung), p. 174. thirteen. Heine nonetheless casts Herodias because the major perpetrator, yet, diverging from the biblical account, she kisses John the Baptist’s severed head. 14. Gustave Moreau’s portray Salomé (1876), surely “inaugurated the overdue 19th century’s feverish exploration of each attainable visible element expressive of this younger lady’s starvation for St. John the Baptist’s head. ” Dijkstra, Idols of Perversity, p. 380. 15. Critics have speculated that Wilde first conceived of the assumption of Salome after listening to Mallarmé learn a passage of his poem Hérodiade out loud.