By Susan Ferriss
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Extra info for The Fight in the Fields: Cesar Chavez and the Farmworkers Movement
They began rank and dossier; they steadily turned union professionals who have been antigrower, and had extra of the perspective of the hierarchy of the United Farm employees. " yet within the couple of minutes because the union had emerged, growers and unionists agreed, the farm-labor international had replaced: there have been water jugs, breaks, and loos the place none were earlier than, and employees got extra admire and possibilities for development. A Lionel Steinberg ranch in Coachella, Doug Adair recollects, was once the 1st position the place girls, on the union's insistence, bought higher-paying jobs like stacking bins on vehicles and pruning vines. "In diverse areas, the union used to be rather doing its activity fantastically. the staff have been changing into masters in their personal lives. " within the SPRING and summer season of 1973, because the union was once studying to do its activity higher, the Teamsters union once more violated its pact with Chavez and stormed the vineyards of Coachella and the San Joaquin Valley. occasions best as much as the UFW's bloody conflict with the Teamsters and the growers started hundreds of thousands of miles away, contained in the Nixon White condominium. while he ran for reelection in 1972, Nixon courted Teamster president Frank Fitzsimmons and received his simply significant union endorsement. Fitzsimmons affiliates say he thrived at the recognition he obtained from Nixon, boasting approximately his visits and exhibiting off golfing balls embossed with the presidential seal. yet there have been different presents: The Justice division dropped its prosecution of Fitzsimmons's son, Richard, who confronted fraud fees; and previous Teamster president Jimmy Hoffa obtained a presidential pardon. within the early Nineteen Seventies, White apartment information Charles Colson issued audacious memos to the exertions and Justice Departments and the nationwide hard work family Board: Any federal intervention within the fight among the Teamsters and UFW, he warned, may still take the part of the Teamsters. "Only in the event you can locate a way to paintings opposed to the Chavez union in case you take any action," he declared in a may well 1971 federal memo got in 1973 via the choice actual Paper in Boston. A moment Colson memo in 1972 reiterated these directions: "We could be criticized if this factor will get out of hand and there's violence, yet we needs to stick with our place. The Teamsters union is now organizing within the zone and may most likely register lots of the grape growers this coming spring and they're going to desire our help opposed to the UFW. " The memos cemented the White House's shut ties to the Teamsters at a time while Nixon's crusade was once receiving hundreds of thousands of greenbacks in contributions from the union. (Colson turned an lawyer for the Teamsters after he left the White condominium lower than the cloud of the Watergate scandal. He was once later convicted for his half in die conspiracy that begun with a break-in on the workplaces of die Democratic celebration and ended with Nixon's resignation. ) In December 1972, Colson is mentioned to have prepared for Fitzsimmons to talk on the American Farm Bureau Federation's annual conference in l. a.. The UFW, Fitzsimmons informed the receptive ranchers, was once a "revolutionary stream that's perpetrating a fraud at the American public.