By Robert Payne
This is a finished account of the 8 non secular wars among the Christian West and the Muslim East that ruled the center a while. Calling themselves "pilgrims of Christ," hundreds of thousands of Europeans from all stations in existence undertook the tough and bloody quest to reclaim Jerusalem, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, and Christ's tomb for Christendom.
Robert Payne brings to existence each step of the Crusaders' thousand-mile trip: the deprivation; the determined, rapacious, and brutal raids for nutrition and provides; the epic battles for Antioch, Jerusalem, and Acre; the barbarous remedy of captives; and the quarreling ecu princes who vied for strength and wealth within the close to East. An epic story of the wonderful and the bottom, of unshakable religion and unspeakable atrocities, The Dream and the Tomb captures not just the occasions however the very essence of the Crusades.
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Additional resources for The Dream and the Tomb: A History of the Crusades
The scale of the Crusader military had shocked him. Antioch used to be nonetheless a predominantly Christian urban with a wide inhabitants of Greeks and Armenians who have been more likely to move over to the enemy on the first chance. nevertheless, the Syrian Christians, lengthy proven in Antioch, have been extra unswerving to Yaghi-Siyan simply because that they had felt repressed by means of Byzantine rule. Yaghi-Siyan cultivated them, worthwhile them handsomely for any information regarding the Crusaders. So the Christians in the urban remained divided. If Bohemond was hoping they might get up opposed to the Turks, whom they outnumbered, he was once improper. Antioch wouldn't fall like ripe fruit into their palms. After a two-week wait Yaghi-Siyan made up our minds to check the energy of the Christians. there have been sorties, ambuscades, unexpected descents from the hills above Bohemond’s camp. there have been a few serious skirmishes, and the Christians started to lose center. As wintry weather got here, they grew to become more and more apprehensive. that they had gorged themselves at the sheep and livestock they discovered within the villages close to Antioch; they'd captured many granaries; they'd taken ownership of generators and bakeries; but that they had didn't make provision for the lengthy days forward. It was once made up our minds by way of the princes in council that they might need to detach a few troops and march up the Orontes valley looking for provisions. Bohemond and Robert of Flanders have been to guide the excursion, leaving Bishop Adhémar and the count number of Toulouse in control of the military outdoor the partitions of Antioch. based on the chroniclers, Bohemond led twenty thousand Crusaders in this foraging day trip. This was once an astonishingly huge variety of males to be indifferent from the most military, and it's attainable that Bohemond used to be conscious that an enormous column below Duqaq of Damascus used to be coming to alleviate Antioch and that it was once his responsibility to spoil it. The Turkish column encountered the column led by way of Robert of Flanders at Albara. Bohemond held again his forces, watching for the 1st onslaught of the Turks to exhaust itself, after which hurled his personal troops into conflict. Robert’s troops have been badly mauled, yet Duqaq’s troops have been torn to shreds. but there has been little booty and there have been nearly no provisions to be present in the neighboring villages. Bohemond and Robert lower back to Antioch, sadder and poorer. they'd killed a few Turks, and it used to be not likely that Duqaq may ever back come to the comfort of Antioch, however it used to be a hole victory. the times after their go back from Albara have been nightmarish. The earth trembled; the aurora borealis glittered within the shimmering sky; and shortly the rain started to fall ceaselessly and the temperature dropped so low that they have been all shivering. The agony was once so severe that Bishop Adhémar ordered his military to quickly for 3 days within the desire that God may have pity on his infantrymen. The order could have appeared redundant to the ravenous squaddies. Then, because the Crusaders obtained support from the Armenians in Cilicia and ships loaded with provisions and construction fabrics reached the port of St. Symeon, the tide slowly started to flip.