By Patrick Lepetit
A profound figuring out of the surrealists’ connections with alchemists and mystery societies and the airtight aspirations printed of their works
• Explains how surrealist work and poems hired mythology, gnostic ideas, tarot, voodoo, alchemy, and different airtight sciences to search out unexplored areas of the brain and get well misplaced “psychic” and magical powers
• offers many examples of esoteric impression in surrealism, equivalent to how Picasso’s Demoiselles d’Avignon used to be initially titled The bathtub of the Philosophers
Not in basic terms a creative or literary stream as many think, the surrealists rejected the labels of artist and writer bestowed upon them via outsiders, accepting as a substitute the titles of magician, alchemist, or--in the case of Leonora Carrington and Remedios Varo--witch. Their work, poems, and different works have been created to search out unexplored areas of the brain and get better misplaced “psychic” and magical powers. They used artistic expression because the car to achieve what André Breton referred to as the “supreme point,” the purpose at which all opposites stop to be perceived as contradictions. This perfect aspect is located on the middle of all esoteric doctrines, together with the good paintings of alchemy, and permits communique with larger states of being.
Drawing on an in depth variety of writings through the surrealists and people of their circle of impact, Patrick Lepetit indicates how the surrealists hired mythology, gnostic rules, tarot, voodoo, and alchemy no longer easily as reference issues yet as major parts in their ongoing investigations into the basic nature of cognizance. He offers many particular examples of esoteric impact one of the surrealists, similar to how Picasso’s well-known Demoiselles d’Avignon was once initially titled The tub of the Philosophers, how painter Victor Brauner drew from his father’s spiritualist vocation in addition to the Kabbalah and tarot, and the way physician and surrealist writer Pierre Mabille was once a Freemason desirous about discovering initiatory paths the place “it is feasible to believe a brand new process connecting guy with the universe.”
Lepetit casts new mild at the connection among key figures of the flow and the circle of adepts accumulated round Fulcanelli. He additionally explores the connection among surrealists and Freemasonry, Martinists, and the choose Cohen in addition to the Grail mythos and the Arthurian brotherhood.
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Additional info for The Esoteric Secrets of Surrealism: Origins, Magic, and Secret Societies
27 As early as what they might name an easy test in computerized writing, The Magnetic Fields, Breton and Soupault stated that they had skilled hallucinations, which the previous prompt in a letter have been probably deadly. Francis Gérard, within the first factor of l. a. Révolution surréáliste, confessed that “it appeared that the individual that practiced this workout may perhaps now not disconnect from it completely! ” through an identical token they have been constantly given vast attention, Charles Jameux claims, as “there is a hallucinatory international within us that we're not outfitted to give an explanation for. ” Jameux is in a very good place to discuss this. Following a really severe vehicle twist of fate in November 1994 that left him in a coma for a while, he felt on a number of events “a very acute and suggested feeling of (his) personal death,” which reminded him “of the close to demise studies (NDE) you examine in renowned magazines. ” He comparable those reviews in Souvenirs de los angeles maison des vivants in a method that fails to hide the incredulity he felt in hindsight. The eyes of the immobile, prostrated physique see the weightless spirit upward push and, i'll say, start whereas the eyes of the spirit in glory—surrounded by means of luminous rays—overlooking every thing from the pinnacle of the dream, see the physique in its decline, stretched out and immobile. this feeling of dissociation irresistibly dropped at brain the present of double sight pointed out via seventeenth-century Scotch writers attuned to the myths of our origins. And this: once more, I skilled a type of imaginative and prescient. i used to be death. My being used to be wending its method via what might be defined as a large hall that had a stunning gentle at its go out. whilst I reached the tip of the hall, i used to be swallowed up via this gentle. now not being relatively interested in mysticism, Jameux couldn't clarify in an intellectually applicable demeanour the decidedly unusual visions that assailed him at the present except by way of the excessive doses of morphine he bought. there isn't any doubt that the mouths of shadows—unless it truly is Lautréamont’s “immense vagina of darkness”—can end up voracious, as used to be previous pointed out concerning Victor Hugo’s entourage in Guernsey (see here), really for the original Jules Allix! lower than the impetus of Alena Nadvornikova and Jan and Eva Svankmajer on the onset of the twenty-first century, the Czech surrealists embarked on the creation of mediumistic drawings, thereby reliving the very previous spiritualist culture of Bohemia and Moravia. This illustrates completely the continued nature of surrealist investigations. they could even be the types of stories that confer complete that means at the entire title*68 of F. W. Murnau’s movie Nosferatu—the “most appealing movie within the world,” based on Desnos. †69 the assumption for this movie was once encouraged by means of the Irishman Bram Stoker’s Dracula and used to be advised to the German filmmaker through the manufacturer Albin Grau, an in depth affiliate of Aleister Crowley, whom Breton, who had dreamed of the monster, cites in Les Vases communicants. This publication contains a picture of this creature: “When he used to be at the different aspect of the bridge, the ghosts got here to fulfill him.