By Don Machholz
The Messier Catalogue is a listing of 1 hundred and ten galaxies, big name clusters and nebulae, and contains the various brightest and best-known items within the sky. beginner astronomers who locate all of the items at the checklist in a single evening have effectively accomplished the Messier Marathon. The gazing consultant to the Messier Marathon includes over ninety easy-to-use famous person maps to steer the observer from one item to the subsequent, and gives assistance for a profitable evening of staring at. Don Machholz additionally tells the tale of the eighteenth-century astronomer, Charles Messier, and the way he got here to assemble his huge catalogue. His entire consultant to the Messier Marathon can help the beginner astronomer to monitor the Messier gadgets all year long, utilizing a small telescope or perhaps a pair of binoculars. Don Machholz is an engineer in Auburn, California. drawn to astronomy on account that youth, he's a well known comet hunter, having came across 9 comets that endure his identify. He writes articles for neighborhood California newspapers and radio stations for exact astronomical occasions. among 1988 and 2000, Don Machholz was once the Comets Recorder for the organization of Lunar and Planetary Recorders.
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Additional info for The Observing Guide to the Messier Marathon: A Handbook and Atlas
Eight eight. eight nine. 2 nine. four nine. 2 fiveј 2Ј fourј 3Јϫ2Ј 4Јϫ3Ј 1/23/1779 1/31/1779 4/15/1779 4/15/1779 4/15/1779 ‘having little gentle’ ‘mass of sunshine’ ‘very faint nebula’ ‘as faint (as M58)’ ‘disc. whereas obs. comet’ sixty one sixty two sixty three sixty four sixty five 4303 6266 5055 4826 3623 EG GL EG EG EG 12h 21. 9m 17h 01. 2m 13h 15. 8m 12h fifty six. 7m 11h 18. 9m ϩ04° 28Ј Ϫ30° 07Ј ϩ42° 02Ј ϩ21° forty-oneј ϩ13° 06Ј nine. zero 7. five eight. 7 eight. 7 eight. nine fiveј fiveј 8Јϫ4Ј 8Јϫ4Ј 11Јϫ4Ј 5/11/1779 6/4/1779 6/14/1779 3/1/1780 3/1/1780 ‘very faint’ ‘very faint nebula’ ‘it is faint’ Blackeye Galaxy ‘very faint’ sixty six sixty seven sixty eight sixty nine 70 3627 2682 4590 6637 6681 EG OC GL GL GL 11h 20. 2m 08h fifty one. 4m 12h 39. 5m 18h 31. 4m 18h forty three. 2m ϩ12° fifty nineј ϩ11° forty eightј Ϫ26° forty fiveј Ϫ32° 21Ј Ϫ32° 17Ј eight. 6 7. 6 eight. 1 7. nine eight. four 9Јϫ5Ј 12Јϫ10Ј fiveј threeј 2Ј 3/1/1780 4/6/1780 4/9/1780 8/31/1780 8/31/1780 ‘its gentle very faint’ ‘cluster of small stars’ ‘it is especially faint’ ‘very faint’ ‘nebula with out stars’ seventy one seventy two 6838 6981 GL GL 19h fifty three. 7m 20h fifty three. 5m ϩ18° forty sevenј Ϫ12° 32Ј eight. 1 nine. zero 7Ј fourј 10/4/1780 10/4/1780 ‘very faint’ ‘as faint’ as M71 24 2 The Messier Catalogue desk 2. 1 (cont. ) M# NGC # variety RA 2000 Decl. Equinox magazine. dimension Messier obs. date Notes the second one Catalogue seventy three seventy four seventy five 6994 628 6864 GL EG GL 20h fifty nine. 0m 01h 36. 7m 20h 06. 1m Ϫ12° 38Ј ϩ15° forty sevenј ϩ21° fifty fiveј nine. 2 nine. 1 eight. 7 2Ј nineј 2Ј 10/4/1780 10/18/1780 10/18/1780 ‘3 or four small stars’ ‘nebula with out stars’ ‘very small stars’ seventy six seventy seven seventy eight seventy nine eighty 650 1068 2068 1904 6093 PL EG DN GL GL 01h forty two. 2m 02h forty two. 7m 05h forty six. 7m 05h 24. 2m 16h 17. 0m ϩ51° forty fourј Ϫ00° 01Ј ϩ00° 04Ј Ϫ24° 31Ј Ϫ22° fifty nineј nine. 6 eight. nine eight. four eight. 1 eight. 1 3Јϫ2Ј 2Ј eightј threeј threeј 10/21/1780 12/17/1780 12/17/1780 12/17/1780 1/4/1781 ‘small and faint’ ‘cluster of small stars’ ‘much nebulosity’ ‘nebula is ﬁne’ ‘round, vivid centre’ eighty one eighty two eighty three eighty four eighty five 3031 3034 5236 4374 4382 EG EG EG EG EG 09h fifty five. 6m 09h fifty five. 8m 13h 37. 0m 12h 25. 1m 12h 25. 4m ϩ69° 04Ј ϩ69° forty twoј Ϫ29° fifty twoј ϩ12° fifty threeј ϩ18° elevenј 7. three eight. three 7. nine eight. eight eight. nine 12Јϫ5Ј 9Јϫ2Ј 10Јϫ7Ј fiveј fourј 2/9/1781 2/9/1781 2/17/1781 3/18/1781 3/18/1781 ‘is a bit oval’ ‘faint and elongated’ ‘faint, even mild’ ‘resemble’ M59, M60 ‘very faint’ 86 87 88 89 ninety 4406 4486 4501 4552 4569 EG EG EG EG EG 12h 26. 2m 12h 30. 8m 12h 32. 0m 12h 35. 7m 12h 36. 8m ϩ12° fifty sevenј ϩ12° 23Ј ϩ14° 25Ј ϩ12° 33Ј ϩ13° 10Ј eight. eight eight. 7 nine. four nine. 1 nine. three fiveј fiveј 8Јϫ3Ј threeј 6Јϫ2Ј 3/18/1781 3/18/1781 3/18/1781 3/18/1781 3/18/1781 ‘appears like’ M84 ‘looks like’ M84 and M86 ‘faint, like’ M58 ‘faint and di¬use’ ‘as faint as . . . M89’ ninety one ninety two ninety three ninety four ninety five 4548 6341 2447 4736 3351 EG GL OC EG EG 12h 35. 4m 17h 17. 1m 07h forty four. 6m 12h 50. 9m 10h forty four. 0m ϩ14° 30Ј ϩ43° 08Ј Ϫ23° fifty threeј ϩ41° 07Ј ϩ11° forty twoј nine. nine 6. nine five. eight eight. four nine. five threeј eightј 12Јϫ8Ј fourј 7Ј 3/18/1781 3/18/1781 3/20/1781 3/24/1781 3/24/1781 ‘fainter than’ M90 ‘ﬁne, conspicuous’ ‘cluster of ﬁne stars’ ‘nebula with no stars’ ‘very faint’ ninety six ninety seven ninety eight ninety nine a hundred 3368 3587 4192 4254 4321 EG PL EG EG EG 10h forty six. 8m 11h 14. 9m 12h thirteen. 8m 12h 18. 8m 12h 22. 9m ϩ11° forty nineј ϩ55° 01Ј ϩ14° fifty fourј ϩ14° 25Ј ϩ15° forty nineј nine. 1 nine. 7 nine. eight nine. four nine. 6 8Јϫ4Ј 6Ј 8Јϫ3Ј 6Ј 7Ј 3/24/1781 3/24/1781 4/13/1781 4/13/1781 4/13/1781 ‘less certain’ than M95 ‘di~cult to determine’ Owl ‘extremely faint mild’ ‘very dim mild’ ‘nebula with out superstar’ one zero one 102 103 5457 5866 581 EG EG OC 14h 03.